INTERIOR COLUMBIA BASIN ECOSYSTEM
The ICBEMP Science publications may be ordered by providing your mailing address and the publication title and series number (PNW-GTR-***) to:
333 S.W. First Avenue
phone: (503) 808-2125
Some of the publications are available in PDF format at the following web site -- http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/publications/icbemp.shtml
The following science publications have been published:
Quigley, Thomas M.; Rebecca A. Gravenmier; Sylvia J. Arbelbide; Heidi Bigler Cole;
Russell T. Graham; Richard W. Haynes. 1999. The
This CD-ROM contains digital versions (Adobe Acrobat portable document format [.pdf] of five major scientific documents prepared for the Project: 1) A Framework for Ecosystem Management in the Interior Columbia Basin and Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins; 2) Highlighted Scientific Findings of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project; 3) Status of the Columbia Basin: Summary of Scientific Findings; 4) An Integrated Scientific Assessment for Ecosystem Management in the Interior Columbia Basin and Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins; 5) Assessment of Ecosystem Components in the Interior Columbia Basin and Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins.
PNW-RN-519: McCool, Stephen F. and
Richard W. Haynes. 1996. Projecting Population Change in the
research note presents two population projections (low and high) by county in
PNW-RN-520: McGinnis, Wendy J. 1996. Selected Economic and
Demographic Data for Counties of the
This research note is an effort to make some of the basic demographic and economic data available to the public for the counties involved in the assessment.
PNW-RN-522: Marcot, B.G. 1997. Research Information
Needs on Terrestrial Vertebrate Species of the
The database includes 482 potential research study topics on 232 individual species and 18 species groups of animals, representing significant gaps in scientific knowledge. Research study topics in the database can be retrieved by use of keyword searches.
The database is available at the following web site -- http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/marcot.html
PNW-RN-538: Crone, Lisa K., Richard W. Haynes and Nicholas E. Reyna. 1999. Different Perspectives on Economic Base. 21 p.
This research note presents two approaches for measuring an economic base. A detailed look at four selected counties results in similar finding from both approaches.
of the method used to generate a climate-change scenario for the
PNW-RP-524: Hessburg, Paul F., Bradley G. Smith, Scott
D. Kreiter, Craig A. Miller, Cecilia H. McNicoll, and Michele Wasienko-Holland.
2000. Classifying plant Series-Level Forest Potential Vegetation Types: Methods
for Subbasins Sampled in the Midscale
Assessment of the
This report is focused on method used to classify and map potential vegetation of individual patches of sampled subwatersheds at the plant level in the Interior Columbia River Basin Assessment Area.
PNW-GTR-358: McGinnis, Wendy J. and Harriet H. Christensen. 1996. The
Describes some basic population characteristics of the area and focuses on the economic conditions there during the last several decades by using population, personal income, nonfarm labor income, and employment as primary indicators.
PNW-GTR-374: Haynes, Richard W.; Graham, Russell T.; Quigley, Thomas M.; technical
editors. 1996. A Framework for Ecosystem Management in the
Discusses the principles, concepts, processes, relationships, and methods that may be useful in implementing ecosystem management. The framework seeks to place planning procedures within a broad, proactive process that considers the social, economic, and biophysical components of ecosystems at the earliest stages of policy design. Designed for application on lands administered by the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management, it could also be used by tribes, state agencies and private land owners.
PNW-GTR-380: Schlosser, William E. and Keith Blatner.
report provides an overview of the special forest products industry east of the
PNW-GTR-382: Quigley, Thomas M.; Haynes, Richard W.; Graham, Russell T.; technical
editors. 1996. Integrated Scientific Assessment for Ecosystem Management in the
This publication links landscape, aquatic, terrestrial, social and economic characterizations to describe biophysical and social systems. Integration was achieved through the use of a framework built around six goals for ecosystem management and three different views of the future.
This document is a summary of the scientific findings from the Project. The information that is highlighted represents an integrated view of biophysical and socioeconomic elements at a scale never before attempted. The risks and opportunities are characterized in the broad context of the Basin for managers and the public to use as a foundations for discussion about future management.
PNW-GTR-398: Waters, Edward C., David W. Holland and Richard W. Haynes. 1997. The
Economic Impact of Public Resource Supply Constraints in
Computable general equilibrium results under several different resource policy scenarios are examined and contrasted with a fixed-price analysis.
PNW-GTR-399: Saab, Victoria A. and Terrell D. Rich. 1997. Large-Scale Conservation
Assessment for Neotropical Migratory Land Birds in
Examines population trends, estimate neotropical migratory land bird responses to alternative management activities, and provide recommendations by habitat and species for the long-term persistence of neotropical migratory land bird populations.
PNW-GTR-404: Quigley, Thomas M. and Heidi Bigler Cole.
1997. Highlighted Scientific Findings of the
This document provides a quick look at the science findings. The findings show the intensity and magnitude of problems and will help managers develop more effective strategies.
PNW-GTR-405: Quigley, Thomas M.; Arbelbide, Sylvia J.;
technical editors. 1997. An Assessment of Ecosystem Components in the
Chapter 1 -Introduction and Executive Summaries
Chapter 2 -Biophysical Environments of the Basin: Contains multi-scale descriptions of the geologic, geoclimatic, climatic, potential vegetation, soils and hydrologic systems organization of the Basin. The maps and descriptions are based on landscape components that do not display high temporal variability. They often comprise the basis for delineation of environmental constraints for ecological pattern analysis. Regional, subregional and landscape scales of biophysical environment maps were developed.
Chapter 3 -Landscape Dynamics of the Basin: Addresses the dynamics of landscapes. The effects of roads and related land uses, introduction of exotics, land conversion, fire exclusion, and other factors on different vegetation communities are evaluated. Ecological integrity which was considered to be the ability of landscapes to renew themselves considering their paleoecological, historical, current and future biophysical potentials was also evaluated.
Chapter 4 -Broadscale Assessment of
Aquatic Species and Habitats: The assessment of aquatic resources was
directed along four primary themes. The geophysical and biological settings
that define the natural potential of the Basin to provide for aquatic resources
was characterized. Anthropogenic factors that affect
aquatic habitats and species with special emphasis on effects of Federal land
management were identified. The current condition of aquatic habitats and
species were assessed. This information was synthesized to provide a regional
context for Federal management strategies to protect and restore aquatic and
Chapter 5 -Terrestrial Ecology of the Basin: Provides an ecosystem context for management and restoration of habitats and environments for terrestrial species and communities. A classification system for environmental correlates and ecological functions of species is provided, and functional groups of species are identified based on their ecological roles. Selection of bioindicators for monitoring environmental changes and for assessing problems of grassland deterioration are discussed and possible actions for mitigation and restoration are examined.
Chapter 6 -Economic Assessment of the Basin: Addresses the
production of ecosystem goods, functions and conditions that society wants
(economic efficiency), whose distribution of benefits is according to societal
wishes (equity), and without adversely affecting economic activity. The
economic issues related to fish, minerals, range, recreation and timber are
Chapter 7 -Social Assessment of the Basin: Documents the many types of human-environment interactions to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural and institutional context within which major ecosystem management policy questions can be addressed. A variety of interactions between people and the environment in the Basin are described.
Chapter 8 -Information System Development and Documentation: Provides a broad overview of the data, databases, and models employed by the ICBEMP and includes general recommendations for information management.
PNW-GTR-406: Quigley, Thomas M., Kristine M. Lee and Sylvia J. Arbelbide; technical editors. 1997. Evaluation of EIS Alternatives by the Science Integration Team. 1094 p.
Documents the evaluation of alternatives for the Eastside and Upper Columbia River Basin Draft Environmental Impact Statements presented to the Science Integration Team. Seven alternatives were presented for analysis.
B.G., L.K. Croft, J.F. Lehmkuhl, R.H. Naney, C.G. Niwa, W.R. Owen and
R.E. Sandquist. 1998. Macroecology,
paleoecology, and ecological integrity of terrestrial
species and communities of the
report presents information on biogeography and broad-scale ecology of selected
fungi, lichens, bryophytes, vascular plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates of
Gary W., Sandra K. Martin and Rodney D. Saylor.
medium-to large-sized carnivore species present in the
publication describes aspects of climate that influence air quality in the
report describes climate means and trends in each of three major ecological
zones and 13 ecological reporting units in the
A.W., K. Tonnessen, J. Turk, J. Vimont,
and R. Amundson. 1999. An Assessment of the Effects
of Human-caused Air Pollution on Resources within the
This assessment examined the current situation and potential trends due to pollutants such as ammonium, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, particulates, carbon, and ozone. Ecosystems and resources at risk are identified, including certain forests, lichens, cryptogamic crusts, high-elevation lakes and streams, arid lands, and Class I areas.
David L. 2000. Characterization and Assessment of Economic Systems in the
This report address the economic value of commercial, recreational, and tribal fishing which is one measure of the importance of fisheries in the interior Columbia River basin (the basin) but only part of the values associated with fish of that region.
PNW-GTR-453: Horne, Amy L., and
Richard W. Haynes. 1999. Developing Measures of Socioeconomic Resiliency in the
This report presents the measures of socioeconomic resiliency for the 100 counties studied in the ICBEMP.
Paul F.; Bradley G. Smith; Craig A. Miller; Scott D. Kreiter;
and R. Brion Slater. 1999. Modeling Change in
Potential Landscape Vulnerability to
Description of methods used in the mid-scale ecological assessment of the interior Columbia River basin to assess recent change in vulnerability of forest vegetation to disturbances caused by the major forest pathogens and insects of the basin.
Paul F.; Bradley G. Smith; Scott D. Kreiter; Craig A.
Miller; R. Brion Salter; Cecilia H. McNicoll; and Wendel J. Hann. 1999. Historical and Current
1: Linking Vegetation Patterns and Landscape Vulnerability to Potential Insect
and Pathogen Disturbances. This document describes changes in vegetation
patterns and landscape vulnerability to fire, insect, and pathogen disturbances
over the most recent 50-60 years based on random samples of subwatersheds
distributed in subbasins on all public and private
ownerships within the interior
PNW-GTR-462: Galliano, Steven J., and Gary M. Loeffler. 1999. Place Assessment: How People Define Ecosystems. 31 p.
Place assessments in the basin demonstrated the importance of place to humanity, illustrated how inventory concepts of place can be operationalized for ecosystem assessments, and suggested how place assessments may be used in subsequent levels of analysis, planning, and decision making.
PNW-GTR-463: Graham, Russell T.; Alan
The authors address the thinning-fire issue by describing forest treatments defined as thinnings, and those that could be interpreted as thinnings, and then showing how fires would behave in resulting stand structures, compositions, and fuels created by well-defined treatments. Predictions are based on a variety of literature available for western conifer forests.
PNW-GTR-472: Galliano, Steven J; Gary M. Loeffler. 2000. Scenery Assessment: Scenic Beauty at the Ecoregion Scale. 30p.
This report, a portion of the social science assessment for the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, explains the procedures used to inventory scenic quality throughout the basin by using two primary indicators: landscape character and scenic condition.
PNW-GTR-477: Charles Harris,
McLaughlin, W., Brown, G., Becker, D.R. Rural Communities in the Inland
Northwest: An Assessment of Small Rural Communities in the Interior and
The characteristics and conditions of the rural communities in the ICBEMP region, which are complex and constantly changing, were examined. The research assessed the resilience of the regionís communities, which was defined as a communityís ability to respond and adapt to change in the most positive, constructive ways possible for mitigating the impacts of change on the community.
PNW-GTR-483: Crone, Lisa K. and
Richard W. Haynes. 1999. Revised Estimates for Direct-Effect Recreational Jobs
and review of the methodology used to derive the original estimates for direct
employment associated with recreation on Federal lands in the interior
Habitats for Terrestrial Vertebrates of Focus in the Interior Columbia Basin:
Broad-Scale Trends and Management Implications Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-485 by
Michael J. Wisdom, Richard S. Holthausen, Barbara C.
Wales, Christina D. Hargis, Victoria A. Saab, Danny C. Lee, Wendel
J. Hann, Terrell D. Rich, Mary M. Rowland, Wally J.
Murphy, and Michelle R. Eames
Volume 1: Overview - Overview of objectives, methods, key results, and management implications. Particularly useful in serving broad-scale planning issues, objectives, and strategies for the interior
Volume 2: Group Level Results - Detailed results that support and complement results in volume 1. Especially important to consider as part of step-down implementation procedures and related management conducted by field units within the interior
Volume 3: Appendices - Provides additional data and results in support of both volumes 1 and 2.
PNW-GTR-491: James, Sam June 2000. Earthworms of the
This report summarizes the main issues about the ecology of earthworms and their impact on the physical and chemical status of the soil in the Columbia River Basin Assessment Area.
Christine G., Roger E. Sandquist, Rod Crawford,
Terrence J. Frest, Terry Griswold, Paul Hammond,
Elaine Ingham, Sam James, Edward J. Johannes, James Johnson, W.P. Kemp, James LaBonte, John D. Lattin, James
McIver, Joel McMillin, Andy Moldenke,
John Moser, Darrell Ross, Tim Schowalter, Vince Tespedino, and Michael R. Wagner. 2001. Invertebrates of
general background on functional groups of invertebrates in the
PNW-GTR-553:†† Bunting, Stephen C; Kingery, James
L.; Hemstrom, Miles A.;† Schroeder, M.A.; Gravenmier,
R.A. and W.J. Hann.†
(2002) Altered rangeland ecosystems in the interior
A workshop was held to address
specific questions related to altered rangeland ecosystems within the interior
B.G. Marcot, B.C.
Current range distribution maps are presented for 14 invertebrate, 26 amphibian, 26 reptile, 339 bird, and 125 mammal species and selected subspecies (530 total taxa) of the interior Columbia River basin and northern portions of the Klamath and Great Basins in the United States. Also presented are maps of historical ranges of 3 bird and 10 mammal species, and 6 maps of natural areas designated by federal agencies and other organizations. The species range maps were derived from a variety of publications and from expert review and unpublished data, and thus differ in degree of accuracy and resolution. The species maps are available in computer versions and are indexed herein by common and scientific names.
The following ICBEMP science publications may be ordered by providing your mailing address and the publication title and series number (INT-GTR-***) to:
phone: (801) 625-5437
fax: (801) 625-5129 Attn: Publications
INT-GTR-340 : Keane, Robert
E.; Donald G. Long; James P. Menakis; Wendel J. Hann; and Collin D. Bevins. 1996. Simulating Coarse-Scale Vegetation Dynamics
This paper details the landscape succession model developed for coarse-scale assessment called CRBSUM (Columbia River Basin Succession Model) and presents some general results of the application of this model to the entire basin. This paper was written as a users guide for those who wish to run the model and interpret results. It was also prepared to document some of the results of the ICBEMP simulation effort.
INT-GTR-370 : Barrett, Stephen W.; Stephen F. Arno; and James P. Menakis. 1997. Fire Episodes in the Inland Northwest (1540 - 1940) Based on Fire History Data. 17 p.
maps of major fire episodes in the inland northwestern
The following articles were not published by either the PNW or Rocky Mountain Research Stations, although the work was supported by these offices. The articles are available through the journals in which they were published:
Keane, Robert E. and Donald G. Long. A comparison of coarse scale fire effects simulation stratagies. 1998. Northwest Science. 72(2):76-90.
Quigley, Thomas M., et al. In:
Eastside forests and fish: proposals for the